FITZPATRICK, John, 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory [I] (1745-1818), of Ampthill, Beds.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer



7 Apr. 1767 - 9 Aug. 1794

Family and Education

b. 2 May 1745, 1st s. of John Fitzpatrick, 1st Earl of Upper Ossory [I], by Lady Evelyn Leveson Gower, da. of John, 1st Earl Gower; bro. of Hon. Richard Fitzpatrick*. educ. Westminster 1754-60; Trinity Coll. Camb. 1760. m. 26 Mar. 1769, Hon. Anne Liddell, da. of Henry Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth, div. w. of Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, 1da. suc. fa. as 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory [I] 23 Sept. 1758; cr. Baron Upper Ossory [GB] 9 Aug. 1794.

Offices Held

Ld. lt. Beds. 1771-d.

Col. Beds. militia 1771-95, Beds. vols. 1803.

Ranger, Rockingham Forest ?1773-d., and sometime of Waltham and Richmond forests.


Ossory, whose ‘coolness and good nature’ won him the affection of Horace Walpole, was a pillar of Brooks’s and a popular figure in fashionable Whig society. Returned again for Bedfordshire in 1790 on the interest of his second cousin, the 5th Duke of Bedford, he voted against government on the Oczakov question, 12 Apr. 1791 and 1 Mar. 1792, and was listed favourable to repeal of the Test Act in Scotland in 1791; but he became increasingly alarmed at the progress of events in France and at home and had seceded from the Whig Club by June 1792. It was with great reluctance, however, that he separated politically from Fox, his mentor, friend and relation. On 9 Nov. 1792 his nephew Lord Holland told Caroline Fox that Ossory ‘is grown tolerant of my opinions upon republican doctrines etc. excepting as to England’; but on 26 Dec. he warned her not to let Ossory know that Lord Lansdowne had been hinting at a reconciliation with Fox on a basis of outright opposition to the Court, as he would be ‘most terribly alarmed’ by the notion of Fox thus committing himself. He was listed among Members ‘supposed attached’ to the Duke of Portland in December 1792 but, convinced that the war must be supported, he joined the ‘third party’ venture in 1793, when he appended to a eulogy of Fox, written in 1782, the observation:

I retract none of my former sentiments of Mr Fox, but I can differ with him. This detestable French revolution is the cause, and though I am sure he does not approve it, yet he wil