BIDDULPH (afterwards MYDDELTON BIDDULPH), Robert (1761-1814), of Cofton Hall, Worcs.
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Family and Education
b. Mar. 1761, 1st s. of Michael Biddulph, barrister, of Ledbury, Herefs. and Cofton Hall by Penelope, da. of John Dandridge of Balden’s Green, Malvern, Worcs. m. 24 Dec. 1801, Charlotte, da. of Richard Myddelton† of Chirk Castle, Denb., coh. of her bro. Richard Myddelton*, 2s. 1da. suc. fa. 1800. Took additional name of Myddelton before Biddulph by royal lic. 29 Dec. 1801.
Recorder, Denbigh 1795-6, 1802-d., common councilman 1802.
Lt.-col. commdt. Chirk vols. 1803.
Biddulph made a fortune in Bengal, contracting in bullocks as a private merchant.1 He came home in 1795 and attached himself to the Duke of Norfolk’s party in his native county. On 26 Apr. 1796 he was admitted to Brooks’s Club. He contested Leominster on the Whig interest in 1796, without success, but was returned for the county soon afterwards, in another contest engineered by Norfolk to oust the renegade Whig sitting Member, Cornewall. He styled himself ‘the Friend of Peace and Liberty’.2
Biddulph acted with the Foxite Whigs in Parliament, making his debut as a critic of the cavalry bill in November 1796 and acting as teller against it on 13 Dec. On 20 Dec. he criticized the East India Company accounts and on the 22nd unsuccessfully moved for information on the new code of judicature for India. On 26 May 1797 he voted for Grey’s reform motion, having attended the Crown and Anchor meeting in its favour, but he did not agree with the Whig secession. He was critical of the tax on farm horses, 30 June. He opposed Pitt’s assessed taxes, 4 Jan. 1798, and characterized the land tax redemption bill as an unconstitutional fraud, 30 May. He voted against the Irish union, 7 Feb. 1799, and continued his silent opposition to Pitt’s war policy. He complained of the tax burden on farmers, 26 May 1800, and supported the London bread bill, 16 June and 5 July. On 14 Apr. 1801 he voted against the suspension of habeas corpus and on 5 June against the indemnification of government informers since 1793.
Biddulph was defeated in the county election of 1802, when Sir George Cornewall was reinstated with the help of the second votes of Biddulph’s opponents. The Times alleged on 21 July:
Mr Biddulph, who has constantly voted with opposition on every question during the war, and considered the Corresponding Societies as very harmless institutions, is suddenly left in a most disgraceful minority, even after his re-election was considered secure. A proof how little his politics have been esteemed in that county.
Biddulph’s friends went on to unseat Cornewall, but in circumstances that prevented his attempting to resume the seat and he was out of Parliament until 1806.
In 1798 Biddulph had contemplated a return visit to India: Lord Cornwallis hoped that there would be a ‘truce to his politics’.3 He did not go: since 1800, when his childless uncle Francis Biddulph died, he had been a partner in the latter’s London bank, Cocks, Biddulph & Co. of Charing Cross. He was also heir to his cousin Benjamin’s Herefordshire estate.4 A year later he married a Welsh coheiress who with her younger sisters had a controlling interest in Denbigh Boroughs. Myddelton Biddulph, as he was now known, obliged his wife’s brother-in-law Frederick West to make way for him as Member for the boroughs in 1806. Nothing had come of his pretensions to a seat for Worcestershire in the by-election earlier that year.
Myddelton Biddulph returned to Westminster as a man of business, with a sense of mission about securing public economy. On 24 Dec. 1806 he attempted to cancel the salary of the chairman of ways and means, without success because it was paid in retrospect. On 17 Jan. 1807 he seconded Johnstone’s motion against the army estimates. On 10 Feb. he secured a select committee of 21 to review public expenditure and, if possible, lower it by reducing sinecures, though ministers doubted if there was much scope remaining for this. He underlined his independence of party when on 13 Feb. he spoke for the minority on the Hampshire election petition and on 27 Feb. he defended the Westminster petition on behalf of James Paull*. He nevertheless voted for Brand’s motion following the dismissal of the Grenville ministry, 9 Apr. 1807.
Myddelton Biddulph clung to his seat in 1807 and continued his independent opposition line. He voted against the address, 26 June, and for Whitbread’s censure motion, 6 July. A week before, he had upheld the work of the finance committee he had initiated and regularly attended. It had, to quote Lady Holland, ‘struck a general alarm into sinecure placemen and peculators, as it is known to be composed of very active, ardently zealous reformers’.5 His bid to have Sir Francis Burdett added to it was negatived without a division, 30 June, and he was forced to acquiesce in its remodelling by the Portland ministry. Hence no doubt his vote for Cochrane’s motion against placemen and pensioners on 7 July, which Perceval, for the ministers, opposed as superfluous. Thereafter Myddelton Biddulph ceded the initiative to other members of the committee, particularly to Henry Bankes*, but he continued to belong to it and to maintain its principles in debate. He criticized the government’s Bank loan, 10 Feb. 1808, as ‘extremely disadvantageous’ to the public interest; he opposed a pension for Lord Lake’s family on 29 Feb., the day he voted for Whitbread’s resolution in favour of peace. He defended the offices in reversion bill, because their reduction would save public money, 28 Mar. On 4 Apr. he attempted to secure the substitution of John William Ward for Richard Wharton (chairman of committees) on the finance committee. On 11 Apr. he suggested the sale of crown lands as an alternative source of revenue to heavy taxation, but failed to win acceptance for it. He favoured a larger grant to the Irish Catholic college at Maynooth, 29 Apr. On 2 July he reverted to his maiden theme, by seeking to prevent the retrospective salary of the chairman of committees from being voted to him. The finance committee had by now produced its third report (that on sinecures) and Myddelton Biddulph called for its renewal, 24 Jan. 1809. He was in the minorities of 15-17 Mar. 1809 critical of the Duke of York, on whose case he had been summoned to give evidence on behalf of his bank on 1 Feb. The new finance committee’s supplementary report, showing that there were 76 office-holders in the House, of whom 28 held pensions or sinecures worth £42,000, coincided with William Alexander Madocks’s attack on ministers for corruption in May 1809. Myddelton Biddulph supported this keenly and complained that the recommendations of the finance committee were not being followed up.
He voted against ministers throughout on the Scheldt inquiry, January-March 1810, and against committing Burdett to the Tower, 5 Apr. The Whigs were ‘hopeful’ of his support. He could not be rallied to an extra-parliamentary meeting in 1811 to promote constitutional reform, though he had voted for Brand’s motion on 21 May 1810. He regularly voted for Bankes’s efforts to reduce sinecures between 1810 and 1812. He acted with opposition on the Regency and on 9 J