CRUTCHLEY, Jeremiah (1745-1805), of Sunninghill Park, Berks.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790, ed. L. Namier, J. Brooke., 1964
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1784 - 1790
1790 - 1796
28 Oct. 1796 - 1802

Family and Education

b. 20 Dec. 1745, o.s. of Jeremiah Crutchley of Sunninghill Park by his w. Alice née Jackson. unm.  suc. fa. 1752.

Offices Held


In a list of candidates drawn up by John Robinson for the general election of 1784 Crutchley is included under the heading: ‘Persons that will pay £2,000 or £2,500 or perhaps £3,000.’1 He was provided with a seat at Horsham, placed by Lady Irwin at the disposal of Administration.2 How much Crutchley paid is not known. Naturally, he supported Pitt. Before 1790 there is no record of his having spoken in the House.

Crutchley was a close friend of Henry Thrale and, with Samuel Johnson and John Cator, an executor of his will. Mrs. Thrale, who disliked him, tells the story that he was Thrale’s son, and calls him ‘a mighty particular character ... strangely mixed up of meanness and magnificence’. ‘The sole comfort that fellow has in the world’, she wrote in 1788, ‘is doing his duty, which at last is done so disagreeably that he never gets even thanks for his pains.’3 Her description is echoed by Fanny Burney:

How strange, sad and perverse! With every possible means of happiness ... to be thus unaccountably miserable. He has goodness, understanding, benevolence, riches, and independence, and with all these a something is wanting without which they are all as nothing.

She also writes of ‘his never-ending oddities’, and describes him as ‘the least fathomable ... of all the men I have seen’.4

Crutchley died 28 Dec. 1805.

Ref Volumes: 1754-1790

Author: John Brooke


  • 1. Laprade, 128.
  • 2. About his election see Dr. Johnson to Mrs. Thrale, 15 Apr. 1784.
  • 3. Thraliana, i. 496-7, 707.
  • 4. Diary and Letters of Mme d’Arblay, ii. 3, 19, 42.