ATKINSON, Richard (1738-85), of Fenchurch St., London.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790, ed. L. Namier, J. Brooke., 1964
Available from Boydell and Brewer



14 June 1784 - 28 May 1785

Family and Education

b. 6 Mar. 1738, 3rd s. of Matthew Atkinson of Temple Sowerby, Westmld. by Margaret, da. of Richard Sutton of Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmld. unm.

Offices Held

Director, E.I. Co 1783- d.; alderman of London 1784- d.


The Gentleman’s Magazine wrote in his obituary (1785, p. 570):

Mr. Atkinson when he came from the North was a mere adventurer, unsustained by any inheritance, by few family friends of any power, and by no acquisitions which education imparts but common penmanship and arithmetic. Thus circumstanced he came to London, and passing through different counting houses and experiments in trade, accumulated that prodigious wealth of which he died possessed, and which he had long enjoyed.

In 1774 he was a partner in the firm of Mure, Son, and Atkinson, of Nicholas Lane (and later of Fenchurch St.), West India merchants. During the American war he held a number of large government contracts for the supply of rum, victuals, and other necessities to the troops in North America and Gilbraltar.1 Among his partners were Sir William James and Abel Smith. From about 1773 he was a minor member of the ministerial group in the court of East India proprietors. This, as well as his position as a government contractor, brought him into touch with John Robinson (also from Westmorland), and an intimate political friendship grew up between them.

In 1783 Atkinson took the lead in the Company against Fox’s East India bill; and in 1784, seeking more power, pressed for reforms more drastic than Pitt and Dundas judged acceptable. At the general election he stood unsuccessfully for London as a supporter of Pitt; but two months later, at Pitt’s request, was returned by Sir Edward Dering for New Romney, ‘though much against Sir Edward’s inclination, as not liking Mr. Atkinson’s character’.2 He spoke frequently in debates concerning the East India Company, and fiscal and commercial regulations. In debate, wrote Wraxall,3 he was ‘able and intelligent’, speaking ‘always with brevity, and never venturing to deviate into tracks with which he was unacquainted’. Daniel Pulteney wrote to the Duke of Rutland, 14 Feb. 1785:4 ‘It has for some time appeared to me that, for every purpose except entertaining the galleries, Jenkinson, Atkinson ... and Dundas possess almost all the good sense in the House.’

Atkinson died 28 May 1785, said to be worth over £300,000.

Ref Volumes: 1754-1790

Author: I. R. Christie


  • 1. T29/42/173-5, 322; T29/45/40, 103; T29/46/193.
  • 2. Dering to Pitt, 24 Sept. [?1794], Chatham mss.
  • 3. Mems. iii. 435.
  • 4. HMC Rutland, iii. 180.