ADEANE, James Whorwood (1740-1802), of Babraham, Cambs. and Chalgrove, Oxon.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790, ed. L. Namier, J. Brooke., 1964
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

1780 - May 1789
19 May 1789 - 15 Apr. 1802

Family and Education

bap. 14 Dec. 1740, o.s. of Simon Adeane1 of Chalgrove by Mary, da. of Hon. and Rev. Henry Brydges (bro. of James, 1st Duke of Chandos). educ. ?Westminster 1750-4. m. c.1763, Anne, da. and h. of Robert Jones, 1s. 3da. suc. fa. 1747.

Offices Held

Entered army 1755;2 lt. 71 Ft. 1757; capt. 67 Ft. 1761; lt. and capt. 1st troop Horse Gren. Gds. 1763; maj. 1768; capt. and lt.-col. 1770; col. 1779; maj.-gen. 1782; col. 45 Ft. 1788- d.; lt.-gen. 1796; gen. 1801.

Groom of the bedchamber 1784- d.

Biography

Adeane’s own property lay in Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire, but in 1774 his son, then a child, inherited the estate of Babraham (6½ miles outside Cambridge) under the will of his maternal grandfather, and in November 1776 Adeane announced his intention of standing for Cambridge at the next vacancy. He assiduously cultivated an interest there, and according to Dr. Ewin, a Cambridge correspondent of Lord Hardwicke, declared that he would spend £10,000 to secure his return.3 By 16 Jan. 1780 Ewin reported4 that Adeane obviously thought he was

clear in his seat for this town, indeed the attention he pays to it by his almost constant weekly visits and making a point of buying everything he wants here, gains him many friends, and he makes himself all things to all men, rather too much so.

Nevertheless, a sudden demand for his qualification just before the poll so confused Adeane that, according to Ewin,5 ‘he was inclined to give it up’, and was only saved by his wife producing the necessary information, whereupon he was returned at the head of the poll.

In Parliament Adeane seems at first to have supported North’s Administration; was classed as ‘pro’ in Robinson’s survey of February 1781,6 and does not appear in the Opposition list on Lowther’s motion against the war, 12 Dec. 1781,6 but he voted with Oppositi