CADOGAN, Charles (1685-1776), of Caversham, nr. Reading, Berks.
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Family and Education
b. 1685, 3rd but 2nd surv. s. of Henry Cadogan of Liscarton, co. Meath, and bro. of William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan. m. 25 July 1717, Elizabeth, da. and coh. of Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Bt., of Chelsea, Mdx., president, College of Physicians, 1s. suc. e. bro. under sp. rem. as 2nd Baron Cadogan of Oakley 17 July 1726.
Ensign, Col. Heyman Rooke’s Ft. 1704, cornet 5 Drag. Gds. 1708, lt. 1709, capt. 1712; capt. and lt.-col. 2 Ft. Gds. 1715; col. 4 Ft. 1719-34; col. 6 Drags. 1734-43; brig.-gen. 1735; maj.-gen. 1739; col. 2 tp. Life Gds. 1743-d.; lt.-gen. 1745; gov. Sheerness 1749-52, Gravesend and Tilbury 1752-d.; gen. 1761.
Charles Cadogan, a professional soldier, served with his more famous brother’s regiment in Marlborough’s wars. Defeated at Reading in 1715, but returned for it as a Whig at a by-election in 1716, he acted in Parliament with his brother in support of Sunderland against Walpole. At the time of his marriage in 1717 to the heiress (in 1753) of a moiety of the manor of Chelsea, he was described by Hearne1 as ‘a loose person, and of no great income’. He accompanied Lord Cadogan on his embassy to Vienna in 1720.2 At the 1722 election he was beaten by Tories at Reading but was successful at a by-election at Newport, his brother being then governor of the Isle of Wight. On Lord Cadogan’s death in 1726 he succeeded to his barony of Cadogan of Oakley, under special remainder, but not to the earldom. When he died on 24 Sept. 1776, he was the senior general in the army.