SCLATER (afterwards BACON), Thomas (c.1664-1736), of Catley, Cambs. and Gray's Inn

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1690-1715, ed. D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, 2002
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1713 - 1715
27 Jan. - 27 May 1715
1722 - 23 Aug. 1736

Family and Education

b. c.1664, s. of Edward Sclater of Kingston-upon-Hull, Yorks by Frances, da. and coh. of Leonard Thompson, ld. mayor of York.  educ. St. Paul’s; Trinity, Camb. adm. 13 June 1682, aged 17; G. Inn 1694, called 1703, bencher 1724.  m. 22 May 1716, Elizabeth (d. 1726), ?da. of John Bacon, merchant, of Little Paxton, Hunts., whereupon he assumed name of Bacon, s.psuc. to estates of gt.-uncle Sir Thomas Sclater, 1st Bt., of Catley 1684.1

Offices Held

Freeman, Cambridge 1714.2

FRS 1721.


Sclater, whose own father had died young, acquired a stepfather in 1673 when his mother married Edward Thompson*. He subsequently became heir to the extensive Cambridgeshire estates of his great-uncle, Sir Thomas Sclater, and their relationship was no doubt assisted by Sclater’s residence at Cambridge University. Sclater duly inherited the estates in 1684, but, unusually, chose at a later stage to train and then practise at the bar. Robert Harley* was keen for him to contest the university at the general election of 1710, no doubt encouraged by Sclater’s acquaintance with many senior figures, but he was refused the support of Lord Anglesey (Hon. Arthur Annesley*) and desisted rather than split the Tory vote. Sclater then embarked on a campaign to gain the nomination for the next election. However, when a by-election took place in 1712 he did not stand (see CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY, Cambs.).3