NICHOLAS, John (1691-1746), of Roundway Park, nr. Devizes, Wilts.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1690-1715, ed. D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, 2002
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1713 - 1715

Family and Education

b. 1 July 1691, 2nd s. of Robert Nicholas of Roundway Park by his 1st w. Martha, da. of Henry Knight of Newhall, Suff.  unm.1

Offices Held


Nicholas’ family had been settled at Roundway since the mid-15th century. His father, a great-nephew of the Robert Nicholas† who had assisted at the impeachment of Archbishop Laud and later served as a judge under the Commonwealth and Protectorate, kept Roundway Park in the main branch of the family by purchasing the estate from his second cousin, the judge’s granddaughter, for £2,300 in 1705. However, it was his connexion with Sir Francis Child’s* brother John, whose daughter and heiress he had taken as his second wife, that enabled Robert to put forward his son as a Tory candidate for Devizes. John Child was the leader of the Tory faction in the corporation, and Robert Nicholas his lieutenant. In 1713 John Nicholas was returned together with Child’s nephew, and was classed as a Tory in the Worsley list. His activity in the House is impossible to distinguish from that of his distant k