VAUGHAN, Francis, Lord Vaughan (1638-67), of Golden Grove, Llanfihangel Aberbythych, Carm.
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Family and Education
bap. 14 Mar. 1638, 3rd s. of Richard Vaughan†, 2nd Earl of Carbery [I] and 1st Baron Vaughan of Emlyn, by 2nd w.; bro. of Hon. Altham Vaughan and Hon. John Vaughan. m. settlement 3 Oct. 1654, Lady Rachel Wriothesley, da. and coh. of Thomas, 4th Earl of Southampton, 1ch. d.v.p.1
Commr. for militia, Carm. Mar. 1660; j.p. and custos rot. Card. July 1660-d.; commr. for assessment, Carm. Aug. 1660-d., oyer and terminer, Wales 1661; j.p. Carm. 1661-d.; dep. lt. S. Wales 1661-d.; member, council in the marches of Wales 1661-d.2
Gent. of privy chamber 1661-d.3
Vaughan’s ancestors settled in Carmarthenshire in early Tudor times, first sitting for the borough in 1558, and acquiring a peerage in 1628. The 2nd Earl of Carbery was a prominent Royalist in the first Civil War, but was treated with exceptional favour when he submitted to Parliament in 1646. His fine of £4,500 was remitted on the grounds of his ‘correspondence’ with the parliamentary general, the Earl of Essex, and in 1648 he used his influence against the royalist rising. At the Restoration he became lord president of Wales.4
Vaughan was returned for Carmarthenshire in 1661 as his father’s heir, but he was not active in the Cavalier Parliament. He was appointed to only nine committees, of which the most important was to consider the corporations bill. With Daniel O’Neill and others he formed a prospecting syndicate which obtained the right to search ‘for all mines, royal and other, belonging to the King on the north side of Trent and in the dominion of Wales and marches thereof, excep