TRENCHARD, William (c.1643-1713), of Cutteridge, North Bradley, Wilts.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Mar. 1679
26 Nov. 1680
17 July - 1 Dec. 1702

Family and Education

b. c.1643, 1st s. of John Trenchard of Mount Trenchard and Saltford, Som. by Anne, da. and coh. of Edward Neville of Keymer, Suss., wid. of Sir Richard Southwell of Singland, co. Limerick. educ. Oriel, Oxf. 1660; I. Temple 1662. m. Ellen, da. of Sir George Norton of Abbots Leigh, Som., 1s. 4da. 3 other ch. suc. fa. 1651.1

Offices Held

J.p. Wilts. 1672-8, Aug. 1688-?d., commr. for assessment 1673-80, 1689-90, dep. lt. June 1688-?d.2


Trenchard’s family was a cadet branch of the Dorset Trenchards. Cutteridge, about ten miles from Westbury, and other estates in Wiltshire were acquired in the mid-6th century. Trenchard’s father, like his Dorset cousins, supported Parliament in the Civil Wars and served on several commissions during the Interregnum. Trenchard himself first stood unsuccessfully for Westbury at a by-election in February 1678 against the courtier Henry Bertie. His petition was dismissed by the House on a partisan vote, and he was struck off the commission of the peace in August. He defeated Bertie at the first general election of 1679, but no committee work can be positively ascribed to him in the first Exclusion Parliament. A member of the Green Ribbon Club, he was listed as ‘honest’ by Shaftesbury, and voted for the first exclusion bill. In the autumn election Trenchard and his brother-in-law