PYE, Sir Robert (c.1622-1701), of Faringdon, Berks.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Family and Education

b. c.1622, 1st s. of Sir Robert Pye of Westminster by Mary, da. and coh. of John Croker of Batsford, Glos. m. c.1641 (with £2,000), Anne (d. Nov. 1701), da. of John Hampden of Great Hampden, Bucks., 3s. 2da. Kntd. by 1642; suc. fa 1662.1

Offices Held

Capt. of horse (parliamentary) 1642, col. 1644-7.2

Commr. for militia, Berks. 1648, ?Mar. 1660, j.p. 1651-83, 1689-d., capt. of militia horse Apr. 1660, dep. lt. c. Aug. 1660-83, 1689-d.; commr. for assessment, Berks. Aug. 1660-80, Westminster 1663-80, Berks. and Westminster 1689-90, recusants 1675.3

Equerry ?May 1660-at least 1670.4


Pye was descended from an ancient Herefordshire gentry family that first produced an MP in 1597. His father, a younger son who became an Exchequer official, bought Faringdon in 1623. Originally a client of Buckingham’s, he was a lukewarm Parliamentarian during the Civil War until secluded at Pride’s Purge; but he continued to hold office during the Interregnum. Pye himself, as befitted the son-in-law of Hampden ‘the patriot’, was more active, serving as a cavalry officer throughout the Civil War, and holding local office under Commonwealth and Protectorate. In January 1660 he presented the Berkshire petition for the return of the secluded Members, and was sent to the Tower. He defiantly sued out a writ of habeas corpus, but was not released until the overthrow of the Rump.5

Pye’s stand doubtles