PROBY, Thomas (1632-89), of Raans, Amersham, Bucks and Elton, Hunts.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Oct. 1679

Family and Education

bap. 18 Oct. 1632, surv. s. of Sir Heneage Proby of Raans by Helen, da. of Edward Allen, Fishmonger, of Bread Street, London. educ. Emmanuel, Camb. 1648; M. Temple 1648, called 1658, travelled abroad (France) 1656. m. by 1662, Frances, da. of Sir Thomas Cotton, 2nd Bt., of Conington, Hunts., 2s. d.v.p. 4da. cr. Bt. 7 Mar. 1662; suc. fa. 1663.1

Offices Held

Commr. for militia, Bucks. Mar. 1660, assessment, Bucks. Aug. 1660-80, Hunts. 1664-80, Bucks. and Hunts. 1689-d.; j.p. Hunts. 1666-81, 1687-Apr. 1688, Oct. 1688-d., commr. for recusants, Bucks. and Hunts. 1675; dep. lt. Hunts. ?1686-Mar. 1688, Oct. 1688-d., commr. for inquiry into recusancy fines 1687.2


Proby’s grandfather, the versatile Peter Proby, MP for Hull in 1593 and for Liverpool in 1597, was the real founder of the family, purchasing the Amersham estate in 1619, and acting as steward of the crown manor of Elton, where he acquired some property. Proby’s father was a passive Parliamentarian during the Civil War, holding local office only from 1657. Proby himself was less cautious politically and was returned for Amersham at the general election of 1660, presumably as a supporter of the Restoration. Lord Wharton marked him as a friend, to be managed by Edmund Petty. An inactive Member of the Convention, he made no recorded speeches and was named to only five committees, those to fix the duty on imported corn, to consider the navigation bill, to hear the London petition about naturalization and two concerned with the drainage of the Bedford level. Re-elected in 1661, he was again silent and inactive in the Cavalier Parliament, serving on only 41 committees. Having acquired the