NEVILLE, Richard (1615-76), of Billingbear, Binfield, Berks.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

12 Dec. 1670 - 7 Oct. 1676

Family and Education

b. 30 May 1615, 1st s. of Sir Henry Neville of Billingbear by Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Smythe of Westenhanger, Kent; bro. of Henry Neville. educ. Queens’, Camb. 1631, BA 1633. m. by 1646, Anne, da. of Sir John Heydon, lt. of the Ordnance, of Baconthorpe, Norf., 2s. 5da. suc. fa. 1629.1

Offices Held

Gent. of the privy chamber ?1641-6.2

Sheriff, Berks. 1643-4; high steward, Wokingham 1655-d.; j.p. Berks. July 1660-d., dep. lt. c. Aug. 1660-d., commr. for assessment 1661-d., loyal and indigent officers 1662, recusants 1675.3

Col. of horse (royalist) by 1644-6.4

Biography

Billingbear was among the Berkshire manors granted in 1552 to Sir Henry Neville, a younger son of the Lincolnshire family, who sat for the county in the following year. Neville was the grandson of the Jacobean diplomat and courtier, and the elder brother of a notable republican; but he himself was reported in 1641 as opposing the attainder of Strafford, and declaring that the citizens of London ‘deserved to have the city burned about their ears’. A zealous Royalist, he distinguished himself at Lostwithiel in 1644, and compounded under the Oxford Articles for £887, but seems to have remained quiet during the Interregnum. He was nominated to the proposed order of the Royal Oak, with an estate of £1,500 p.a. In 1667 his income was estimated at only £1,000 p.a., but he received Prince Cosmo of Tuscany at Billingbear ‘with as much dignity and splendour as any noble family in the kingdom’.5

Neville was returned for the county in 1670, but his parliamentary record was