MAINWARING, Thomas (1623-89), of Over Peover, Cheshire.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Family and Education

b. 7 Apr. 1623, 3rd but 1st surv. s. of Philip Mainwaring of Baddiley by Ellen, da. of Edward Minshull of Stoke. educ. Brasenose, Oxf. 1637; G. Inn 1638. m. 26 May 1642, Mary (d. 1 Mar. 1671), da. of Sir Henry Delves, 2nd Bt. of Doddington, 6s. (5 d.v.p.) 6da. suc. fa. 1647; cr. Bt. 22 Nov. 1660.1

Offices Held

Commr. for assessment, Cheshire 1648-52, 1657, Aug. 1660-3, 1664-80, 1689-d., militia 1648, Mar. 1660, j.p. by 1649-59, Mar. 1660-80, Mar.-Aug. 1681, Lancs. 1681-3; commr. for poor prisoners, Cheshire 1653, scandalous ministers 1654, security 1655-6, sheriff 1657-8, dep. lt. 1675-81, 1689-d.2


Mainwaring’s ancestors had held Over Peover since Domesday Book, but his great-uncle Sir Philip Mainwaring was the first to enter Parliament. His father, a ship-money sheriff, fought for Parliament in the Civil War as a colonel of horse, and Mainwaring himself, though more concerned with antiquarian pursuits than politics, was a decimator and one of the court candidates for Cheshire in 1656. He was removed from the commission of the peace in October 1659 after Booth’s rising. Returned for the county at the general election of 1660, he was an inact