HOLLES, Gilbert, Lord Houghton (1633-89), of Haughton, Notts. and Warwick House, Holborn, Mdx.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Family and Education

b. 24 Apr. 1633, 2nd but o. surv. s. of John Holles, 2nd Earl of Clare by Elizabeth, da. and coh. of Horace, 1st Baron Vere of Tilbury. educ. travelled abroad 1645. m. 9 July 1655, Grace, da. of Hon. William Pierrepont of Thoresby, Notts., 3s. (1 d.v.p.) 4da. suc. fa. as 3rd Earl of Clare 2 Jan. 1666.

Offices Held

Commr. for militia, Notts. and Lincs. Mar. 1660, j.p. Mar. 1660-?74; dep. lt. Notts. c. Aug. 1660-?74, commr. for sewers, Lincs. Aug. 1660, assessment, Notts. 1661-6.


Lord Houghton was descended from Sir William Holles, lord mayor of London 1539-40, who bought a large estate in Nottinghamshire. The next generation represented the county in the Parliament of 1553. The family was usually in opposition under the Stuarts. Houghton’s father, the brother of Denzil Holles, changed sides three times during the Civil War, and took no part in public affairs till the Restoration. ‘Too much addicted to a natural melancholy’, Houghton was used with great severity by his father