HALES, Sir Edward, 2nd Bt. (1626-c.84), of Tunstall Place, Kent and 43 King Street, Covent Garden, Mdx.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

3 Aug. 1660
Mar. 1679
Oct. 1679

Family and Education

bap. 12 Feb. 1626, o.s. of Sir John Hales (d.1639) of Woodchurch, Kent by Christian, da. and h. of Sir James Crowmer of Tunstall. educ. Magdalen Coll. Oxf. 1642. m. by 1645, Anne, da. and coh. of Thomas, 2nd Baron Wotton of Marley, 4s. suc. gdfa. Sir Edward Hales, 1st Bt., 6 Oct. 1654.1

Offices Held

J.p. Kent June 1660-d., dep. lt. June 1660-?d., col. of militia ft. July 1660-9, commr. for assessment Aug. 1660-80, sewers, Rother marshes Oct. 1660, Medway marshes Dec. 1660, asst. Rochester Bridge 1661-80, warden 1661, 1668, 1675, commr. for corporations Kent 1662-3, recusants 1675.2

Biography

Hales’s ancestors can be traced back in the Tenterden area of Kent to the 14th century. They rose through the law and a series of fortunate marriages, though none of them is known to have entered Parliament before 1605. Hales’s grandfather sat for Queenborough in the Long Parliament and took the chair in the original county committee, but was sent to the Tower as a royalist suspect in 1643 and fined £6,000. Most of the Kentish Royalists were in his debt, and the sharp practice to which he was driven sowed a legacy of hatred for the purse-proud family not finally reaped till 1688. As heir to the greatest fortune in the county, Hales was drawn into the Kentish rising of 1648, of which he was the nominal leader, by his close friend