EVERY, John (1643-79), of Wootton Glanville, Dorset and Cothays, Som.
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Family and Education
bap. 15 Nov. 1643, o.s. of John Every of Symondsbury, Dorset by Anne, da. and h. of George Williams of Wootton Glanville. educ. Wadham, Oxf. 1661. m. 1666, Elizabeth, da. of Thomas Trenchard† of Wolveton, Dorset, s.p. suc. fa. 1658, cos. William Every of Cothays c.1660.1
Commr. for assessment, Dorset 1664-9, Som. 1679-d.; freeman, Lyme Regis 1666; sheriff, Dorset 1676-7; j.p. Dorset 1677-d., Som. 1678-d.2
Every’s great-grandfather appears to have laid the foundation of the family fortune around the turn of the century by judicious land dealings with the more improvident members of the nobility and gentry. The elder branch of the family transferred themselves to Derbyshire by marriage with an heiress, achieved a seat in the Short Parliament and a baronetcy in the following year, and were notable Royalists in the Civil War and Booth’s rising. The west-country branches played a much less conspicuous role in this period even though Every’s father was step-son to a Cavalier sheriff of Dorset.3
Every seems to have been an ardent sportsman, generous in his bequest to his ‘quondam huntsman’ and himself receiving perhaps the highest compliment one country gentlemen can pay another when John Strangways left him his pack of hounds. ‘A very loyal man’, he displayed proper horror when his radical brother-in-law, John Trenchard declared that a Trenchard had as much right to the throne as any Stuart. ‘Brother, have a care of speaking treason, for if you do I will be sure to inform against you,’ Every warned him. On the other hand his step-brother John Hurding opposed the court candidate at Bridport on 1 Feb. 1677. As sheriff, he was responsible for more than his share of contested by-elections, and his handling of the ding-dong struggle between