DOYLEY, Sir John, 1st Bt. (1640-1709), of Chiselhampton, Oxon.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Family and Education

bap. 17 Nov. 1640, 2nd but 1st surv. s. of John Doyley of Greenland House, Hambleden, Bucks. by Mary, da. and coh. of Sir John Shirley of Isfield, Suss. educ. Wadham, Oxf. 1657. m. lic. 11 July 1666, Margaret (d.1704), da. and coh. of Sir Richard Cholmley of Grosmont, Yorks., 8s. (4 d.v.p.) 4da. suc. fa. c.1660; cr. Bt. 7 July 1666.1

Offices Held

Commr. for oyer and terminer, Oxford circuit July 1660, assessment, Oxon. ?1661-80. and Oxford 1689-90; j.p. Oxon. 1674-Mar. 1688, Oxford 1682-Mar. 1688, Oxon. and Oxford Oct. 1688-?96, by 1701-d.; dep. lt. Oxon. 1676-Feb. 1688, 1688-?96, 1700-d.; freeman, Woodstock 1681, Oxford 1684-Feb. 1688; sheriff, Oxon. 1684-5, capt. of militia horse 1687-9.2


Doyley was descended from a Norman baron established in Oxfordshire under William the Conqueror. His ancestors had acquired Chiselhampton manor by 1536 and prospered at the dissolution of the monasteries. Henry Doyley, a younger son, sat for Wallingford in 1601, and Doyley’s great-grandfather represented Oxfordshire in 1604. They were strongly Puritan in sympathy. Doyley’s father was governor of Newport Pagnell for Parliament during the Civil War, and was elected for Oxfordshire as a recruiter. He was secluded at Pride’s Purge and did not again hold local office until January 1660. He probably died later in the year.3

Doyley owed his baronetcy to his marriage to the daughter of a prominent Cavalier, and became a Tory and a churchman. He stood unsuccessfully for Oxfordshire at the first election of 1679 as an opponent of exclusion, accompanied Lord Norris with the loyal addresses from Oxfordshire and Woodstock in 1681, and helped to regulate the corporation of Oxford in 1684. To the lord lieutenant’s questions