DILLINGTON, Robert (c.1634-87), of Knighton, I.o.W.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



8 Nov. 1670
Mar. 1679
Oct. 1679

Family and Education

b. c. 1634, 1st s. of Robert Dillington (d.1654) of Mottistone by Frances, da. of William Collier of Piddletrenthide, Dorset. educ. Queen’s, Oxf. 1653; G. Inn 1654. m. (1) July 1659, Jane (d.1674), da. of John Freke of Cerne Abbey, Dorset, 2s. 1da. 8 other ch. d.v.p.; (2) lic. 28 May 1678, Hannah, da. and coh. of William Webb, Grocer, of Throgmorton Street, London, 1s. 2da. suc. gdfa. Sir Robert Dillington as 2nd Bt. 1664.1

Offices Held

Commr. for militia, Hants 1659; j.p. Hants July 1660-80, Dorset and Wilts. 1676-80; commr. for assessment, Hants Aug. 1660-3, 1664-9, I.o.W. Aug. 1660-1, 1663-4, wastes and spoils, New Forest 1672-3, 1679, recusants, Hants 1675; freeman, Lymington 1679; verderer, New Forest by 1686-d.2


The founder of the Dillington family, a customs official, sat for Poole in two Marian Parliaments before acquiring the manor of Knighton, four miles from Newport, about 1564, to which were later added six others in the island. During the Civil War Dillington’s father was on the county committee, while his grandfather accepted local office during the Interregnum and sat for Newport in 1654. Dillington took over the seat in Richard Cromwell’s Parliament, and retained it at the general election of 1660. He was listed by Lord Wharton as a friend, but he was inactive in the Convention, making no speeches and being appointed to no committees. His name was mentioned only on 24 July when he was given leave to go into the country. He did not stand in 1661. During the second Dutch war he wrote to Joseph Williamson, with whom he had corresponded in his university days, asking for additional forces to defend the island and reporting on the state of the militia.3

Dillington regained his seat at a by-election in 1670. He was excused default in attendance on 21 Jan. 1671, and became a moderately active Member of the Cavalier Parliament. He was named to 40 committees, including that for the bill to prevent the growth of Popery six weeks later. On 4 Feb. 1673, during a debate on a motion to ask for a speedy acknowledgment by the King that penal statutes in ecclesiastical matters could only be suspended by Act of Parliament, Dillington called for more respect in the wording of the motion, saying: ‘Possibly His Majesty may have forgotten our address, and desires he may be reminded of it, in all humbleness, for a gracious answer’. During a debate on grievances on 17 Mar. 1673, when Lord St. John (Charles Powlett I) had complained that a regiment had been quartered in Hampshire at a cost of 5d. a meal, Dillington corrected the statement by saying that he was informed ‘in Hampshire that they must either allow 5d. a day or keep the soldiers in the houses’. In 1674 he was appointed to the committees for regulating parliamentary elections and considering the state of Ireland. He received the government whip from Williamson for the autumn session of 1675, but was marked ‘doubly worthy’ on Shaftesbury’s list in 1677. During the Popish Plot pani