BACON, Nathaniel (1593-1660), of Gray's Inn and Ipswich, Suff.
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Family and Education
b. 12 Dec. 1593, 3rd s. of Sir Edward Bacon (d.1618) of Shrubland, Barham, and bro. of Francis Bacon. educ. Christ’s, Camb. 1606, BA 1611; G. Inn 1611, called 1617, ancient 1632. m. (1) aft. 1623, Elizabeth, da. of Robert Maydston of Boxted, Essex, wid. of Edward Glascock of Great Horkesley, Essex, s.p.; (2) c.1630, Susan, da. of William Holloway, clothier, of East Bergholt, Suff., wid. of Matthew Alefounder, clothier, of Dedham, Essex, and coh. to her bro. William, 4s. (2 d.v.p.) 5da.2
Reader, G. Inn 1641; freeman and recorder, Ipswich 1643-d., bailiff 1644-5, town clerk 1651-2, commr. for execution of ordinances, Essex, Suff. and Ipswich 1643; dep. lt. Suff. 1643, commr. for sequestration, Essex and Suff. 1643, levying of money 1643, eastern assoc. Suff. 1643, assessment, Suff. 1644, Suff. and Ipswich 1645-52, 1657, Jan. 1660-d.; j.p. Essex 1644-52, Suff. by 1650-2, Essex and Suff. 1653-d.; elder, Ipswich classis 1647; commr. for militia, Suff. 1648, Mar. 1660, drainage of the fens 1649, poor prisoners 1653, scandalous ministers 1654, sewers, Chelsea and Westminster 1656.3
Commr. for exclusion from sacrament 1646, scandalous offences 1648; judge of Admiralty 1649-53; master of requests 1656-9.4
Bacon’s father was a younger son of the Elizabethan lord keeper, and Bacon himself, like so many of the family, entered the legal profession. An active Parliamentarian during the Civil War, he was chairman of the central committee of the eastern association, and published an attack on the prerogative in 1647. Secluded at Pride’s Purge, he soon conformed to the republican regime and was appointed a judge of the Admiralty. As recorder of Ipswich, he represented the borough with his younger brother in all the Protectorate Parliaments, and served Cromwell as master of requests. But by 1659 he was ready to denounce ‘the tyranny of a Commonwealth’, and he did not sit with the Rump on their second restoration in December. He signed the Suffolk petition for a free Parliament, and returned to the House with the secluded Members in February 1660.5
Bacon was re-elected to the Convention, and marked as a frie