BACON, Francis (1600-63), of Gray's Inn and Ipswich, Suff.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



8 Jan. 1646

Family and Education

b. 30 Sept. 1600, 5th s. of Sir Edward Bacon of Shrubland, Barham by Eleanor, da. and h. of Thomas Little of Bray, Berks.; bro. of Nathaniel Bacon. educ. Queens’, Camb. 1617, G. Inn 1618, called 1626, ancient 1645. m. 30 Apr. 1633, Katherine, da. of Sir Thomas Wingfield of Letheringham, Suff., 6s. (4 d.v.p.) 2da.2

Offices Held

J.p. Suff. 1640-d., Mdx. 1662-d.; town clerk, Ipswich 1643-7, freeman 1645, bailiff 1652-3; commr. for execution of ordinances, Suff. 1643, assessment, Suff. 1643-52, 1657, Jan. 1660, Aldeburgh and Ipswich 1647-52, 1657, Jan. 1660-1, Westminster 1657, Aldeburgh 1661-d., eastern assoc., Suff. 1643, elder, Coddenham classis 1647; recorder, Aldeburgh by 1647-Aug. 1660; bencher, G. Inn 1648, reader 1662; commr. for militia, Suff. 1648, Suff. and Westminster Mar. 1660, drainage of the fens, Suff. 1649, poor prisoners 1653, scandalous ministers 1654.3

Master of requests 1656-9.4


Bacon, unlike his brother, seems to have retained his legal practice in London, even after acquiring a house in Ipswich, a local recordership, and lands worth £500 p.a. A parliamentary committeeman during the Civil War, and a recruiter for Ipswich, he was secluded at Pride’s Purge, and never sat in the Rump, even though he was formally readmitted in 1649. Together with his brother he acted as master of requests under the Protectorate; but Roger Whitley listed him among the Suffolk Royalists in 1658, and he signed the petition for a free Parliament in 1660.5

Bacon was re-elected for Ipswich at the general election and marked as a friend by Lord Wharton, to be managed by William Ellys. Probably inactive in the Convention, he was appointed by full name to only seven committees, including the committee of electi