ARCHER THOMAS, (1619-85), of Umberslade, Tanworth, Warws.
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Family and Education
bap. 14 Jan. 1619, 2nd but 1st surv. s. of Sir Simon Archer of Umberslade by Anne, da. of Sir John Ferrers of Tamworth Castle, Staffs. m. by 1650, Anne (d. June 1685), da. of Richard Lye alias Leigh, merchant, of London, 3s. (1 d.v.p.) 2da. suc. fa. 1662.1
Col. of horse (parliamentary) c.1642-6.2
Commr. for assessment, Warws. 1647-52, 1657, Jan. 1660-79, militia 1648, 1659, Mar. 1660, j.p. 1659-80; commr. for oyer and terminer, Midland circuit, July 1660.
Although Archer’s ancestors had held the manor of Umberslade since the reign of Henry II, his father, the antiquary, was the first of the family to enter Parliament. He was a parliamentary supporter in the Civil War, in which Archer himself raised and commanded a regiment of cavalry. First returned to Richard Cromwell’s Parliament for Warwick, he stood for the county with George Browne as a moderate candidate at the general election of 1660. The Cavalier Sir Henry Puckering encouraged him to persevere:
There is no question to be made for the plurality of voices for you and for George Browne. Your name being spread abroad in three whole hundreds and great part of the fourth, when neither my Lord Digby or Sir Edward Boughton have other right but from the well wishes of their next neighbours. Pray therefore take my noble Lord Conway’s advice into your serious thoughts. You can’t waver now but the whole body politic of Warwickshire must stagger and indeed will be thought stark drunk by your adversaries that will take an advantage of it. Any such self-denying compliment may (indeed) oblige them, but very much disoblige all those that have made this of yours their business.
He was returned unopposed, but was not an active Member of the Convention. He was added to the committee for recovering the queen mother’s jointure on 20 June,