FLEETWOOD, John (d.1590), of Colwich, Staffs. and Penwortham, Lancs.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Family and Education

1st s. of William Fleetwood of Heskin, Lancs. by Eleanor or Helen, da. of Robert or Richard Standish; bro. of Thomas. m. (1) Catherine, da. of John Christmas of Colchester, Essex, s.p.; (2) Jane, da. of Sir Thomas Langton of Newton, Lancs., 9 ch. inc. at least 2s.1

Offices Held

Clerk of Chancery 1535-70; usher of change of money in the Tower c.1538; clerk of the peace and of the Crown, Cheshire 1538; j.p. Staffs. 1547-53, from c.1573, Lancs. from 1561, ?rem. 1587; sheriff, Staffs. 1548-9, 1568-9, Lancs. 1577-8, 1586-7.2

Biography

Fleetwood was a government official who did well out of the dissolution of the monasteries through his friendship with Richard Rich, chancellor of the court of augmentations. After first leasing Penwortham priory from the abbey and convent of Evesham, he purchased the reversion from the Crown. He also obtained a grant of Colwich priory. The resulting transformation was described by the contemporary historian Erdeswick: the chancel had been made into a parlour, the church into a hall and the steeple into a kitchen. Not surprisingly, on the accession of Queen Mary Fleetwood was removed from the commission of the peace. He was not immediately reinstated by Elizabeth, though he purchased more land—Wooton-under-Weever from Sir William Cecil in 1565, Prestwood in 1565, Ellaston in 1571 and Quixhill five years later. Indeed, he bought to the end of his life, by which time his estates ranged throughout Staffordshire, Lancashire and Derbyshire. In 1587 he even acquired land in county Waterford, Ireland. Colwich remained his ma