CROMER, William (c.1531-98), of Tunstall, nr. Sittingbourne, Kent.
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Family and Education
b. c.1531, o.s. of James Cromer by Anne, da. of Sir Edward Wotton of Boughton Place, Boughton Malherbe, Kent. educ. Furnival’s Inn; G. Inn 1552. m. (1) Margaret, da. of Sir Thomas Kempe, 1da.; (2) 1 Oct. 1561, Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Guildford†, 1 surv. s., 3da.; (3) Catherine, s.p. suc. fa. 1541.1
J.p. Kent by 1559, q. by 1577, sheriff 1567-8, 1585-6, commr. musters by 1576.2
Cromer’s ancestor William Cromer, lord mayor of London at the time of Jack Cade’s rebellion, purchased Tunstall from Sir Robert Knollys. Cromer himself may still have been a law student when he joined Sir Thomas Wyattt early in 1554. Sent to the Tower and attainted, he was soon pardoned, though he had to pay heavily to obtain possession of his lands and he was not restored in blood until 1563. By the time he died he had added to his estates by buying land at Borden, Edenbridge and elsewhere in Kent. In September 1573 the Queen spent a night at his home at Grove End, Tunstall.3
Cromer was returned to the 1571 House of Commons by the lord warden of the Cinque Ports after the Hythe corporation had withstood demands for several other ‘foreigners’ as members. The only reference to him in the journals is to his membership of the large committee which dealt with a bill for the maintenance of navigation on 8 May 1571.4
Cromer had a long career in county administration. In 1588 when invasion was expected he was appointed one of the two captains of petronels (horse soldiers armed with pistols) to operate in Kent, and he was apparently still acting as a captain of light horse as late as 1595. The archbishop of Canterbury considering him sound in religion, he was employed, among his other duties as a justice, in arresting and examining suspected papists. There are other references to