CORNWALLIS, Sir William (c.1549-1611), of Brome Hall, Suff. and London.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Family and Education

b. c.1549, 1st s. of Sir Thomas Cornwallis of Brome Hall by Anne, da. of John Jerningham of Somerleyton; bro. of Sir Charles. educ. Trinity Coll. Camb. 1560, Trinity Hall by 1564. m. (1) Lucy (d. 30 Apr. 1608), da. and coh. of John Neville, 4th Lord Latimer, 2s. 4da.; (2) 1608, Jane (d.1659), da. of Hercules Mewtas of West Ham, Essex, 1s. Frederick. Kntd. by 1594; suc. fa. 1604.

Offices Held

J.p. Mdx. from 1601.

Biography

The Cornwallis family had held the manor of Brome since the middle of the fifteenth century. Cornwallis’s father, Queen Mary’s comptroller of the household, was a Catholic, and retired to his estates on the accession of Queen Elizabeth.

Cornwallis was related to the Cecils through the marriage of his sister-in-law, Dorothy Neville, to Thomas Cecil, later 1st Earl of Exeter, a connexion on which he traded heavily. By his own account he first went to court in 1570, when he would have been about 21, and lost his youth and £20,000 in service there. He was married by 1578 when his father wrote to Burghley disapproving of his daughter-in-law and of the young couple ‘living about this city’ instead of leading a country life. Next Cornwallis incurred the Queen’s displeasure for leaving court in a ‘foolish fit of discontent’. Neither the date of his knighthood, nor the reason for it has been ascertained, and in 1594 he was again in disgrace for quarrelling with a Surrey recusant named Charles Arundel over cards and wine, an incident which almost ended on Islington fields. In the mid 1590s he withdrew from court again, and offered his Highgate house to Sir Robert Cecil at bargain price, praying his constant favour, good opinion, regard and remembrance if he saw any door open ‘of place or profit for me to enter of’. In 1597 he claimed to have deputized as groom porter for the last 16 years, during the illness and old age of a relative, and asked for the reversion of the place. Thus