Newton

Borough

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Elections

DateCandidate
7 Jan. 1559SIR GEORGE HOWARD
 RICHARD CHETWODE
1562/3FRANCIS ALFORD
 RALPH BROWNE I
1571ANTHONY MILDMAY
 RICHARD STONELEY
1572JOHN GRESHAM
 JOHN SAVILE I
1584ROBERT LANGTON 1
 EDWARD SAVAGE 2
8 Oct. 1586ROBERT LANGTON
 EDWARD SAVAGE
14 Oct. 1588EDMUND TRAFFORD II
 ROBERT LANGTON
1593EDMUND TRAFFORD II
 ROBERT LANGTON
1597WILLIAM COPE 3
 GEOFFREY OSBALDESTON 4
15 Oct. 1601THOMAS LANGTON
 RICHARD ASHTON

Main Article

Newton—‘a little poor market’ Leland called it—first sent Members to Parliament in 1559. No authority has been found for its enfranchisement, but its first Members were not challenged in the House. The 1559 return is to testify that we, the free men of the borough of Thomas Langton, knight, baron of Newton ... have elected Sir George Howard and Richard Chetwode Esquire, with the assent of the burgesses, to Parliament.The return was signed by Sir Ambrose Cave, chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, and by William Fleetwood I, the ‘steward of the said borough’. Fleetwood had many connexions with the duchy and in addition was related to the Langtons. This last fact probably explains why the duchy picked on Newton when it set out to obtain the enfranchisement of an extra borough. The names of the first two Members indicate that if Cave and Fleetwood were responsible for the enfranchisement of the borough, the deal was concluded through Sir