Chippenham

Borough

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Elections

DateCandidate
11 Jan. 1559EDWARD BAYNARD
 NICHOLAS SNELL
15 Dec. 1562FRANCIS NEWDIGATE
 NICHOLAS SNELL
7 Mar. 1571JOHN SCOTT I
 ROBERT VISER
18 Apr. 1572WILLIAM BAYLEY
 JOHN SCOTT I
18 Nov. 1584ROBERT BAYNARD
 ROBERT HYDE
10 Oct. 1586LAWRENCE HYDE
 ROBERT HYDE
26 Jan. 1589HENRY BAYNTON II
 WILLIAM SWAYNE
1593EDWARD MARIA WINGFIELD
 FRANCIS HARVEY I
1 Oct. 1597THOMAS EDMONDES 1
 SHARINGTON TALBOT
1597EDWARD WYMARKE vice Edmondes, went abroad
9 Oct. 1601ROBERT BERKELEY
 EDWARD WYMARKE

Main Article

A charter of incorporation granted to Chippenham by Queen Mary on 2 May 1554 and confirmed by Elizabeth on 29 Jan. 1560 placed the government of the town in the hands of a bailiff and 12 aldermen with power to co-opt new members. By Mary’s charter, the corporation was granted lands in Chippenham, formerly the possessions of Lord Hungerford, to provide for the upkeep of the bridge and for the expenses of the town’s burgesses in Parliament. The town appointed a high steward, although the office was not mentioned in the charter, and its holder in 1567 was the first Earl of Pembroke. It is probable that his son held the office later in the reign.

During the Elizabethan period the electorate consisted only of the bailiff and 12 burgesses. The electoral history of the borough during the period can be divided int