TURPIN, George (1529-83), of Knaptoft, Leics. and London.
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Family and Education
b. 1529, posth. s. of John Turpin (d. 18 Jan. 1529) of Knaptoft by Rose, da. of Richard Ruthall of Moulsoe, Bucks. m. Frances, da. of (Sir) Robert Lane of Horton, Northants. 1s. William† 1da. suc. bro. 1551. Kntd. 21 Aug. 1566.1
Commr. of oyer and terminer, Leics. 1554, eccles. causes, dioceses of Lincoln and Peterborough 1571, Lincoln 1575, musters, Leicester 1573, 1577, 1580; j.p. Leics. 1558/59, q. 1561-d.; steward, crown lands, Leics. 1561-9; sheriff, Warws. and Leics. 1565-6, Leics. 1574-5.2
The Turpins had been established at Knaptoft for nearly a century since acquiring the estate by marriage with an heiress: they had enclosed and improved the village and become prominent in the county. George Turpin’s father also held lands elsewhere in the midlands, and his mother, a niece of Thomas Ruthall, bishop of Durham, had brought a substantial dowry with her.3
Turpin’s early life is obscure, but on the pardon roll of 1554 he is described as ‘alias of London’, and his appointment to the commission of oyer and terminer in that year implies that he had received some legal training. He had succeeded his brother as head of the family in 1551 and his marriage to the daughter of a Northamptonshire man may have followed shortly afterwards. He also enjoyed influential connexions within his own county: Thomas Farnham was to bequeath him, as a near and very dear kinsman, some personal property, and through Farnham and his cousin