DRURY, Sir William (by 1499-1558), of Hawstead, Suff.
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Family and Education
b. by 1499, 1st s. of Sir Robert Drury I by 1st w., and bro. of Sir Robert II. educ. ?Eton; ?King’s, Camb. 1511; L. Inn, adm. 12 Feb. 1517 m. (1) by 7 Feb. 1516, Joan, da. of William St. Maur; (2) Aug. 1518/Feb. 1521, Elizabeth, da. of Henry Sothill of Stockerston Leics., 4s. inc. Robert II 9da. Kntd. 30 May suc. fa. 2 Mar. 1535.2
J.p. Suff. 1529-d., q. 1554; ?esquire extraordinary of the body by 1533; sheriff, Norf. and Suff. 1536-7, 1544-5; commr. benevolence, Suff. 1544/45, relief 1550; other commissions 1534-d.; PC by 1 Nov. 1553.3
Until the accession of Mary Sir William Drury shared in the normal duties of a local magnate while appearing at court on important state occasions. In the autumn of 1536 he assisted the 3rd Duke of Norfolk in quelling the northern rebellion, and he was called upon for similar action in 1539 when appointed a commissioner to search and defend the Suffolk coast, and again in 1542 when named by the King as one of those whom Norfolk should take on his expedition to protect the Scottish borders. During his second term as sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk he returned his nephew Sir William Waldegrave to the Parliament of 1545. Drury’s post in the Household, even if he held it until the death of Henry VIII, was not renewed under Edward VI, but he was sufficiently in favour with the Council of the time to be recommended as knight of the shire for Suffolk in the spring of 1553.4
Drury and his fellow-Member Sir Henry Bedingfield, likewise a Council nominee, were included in Cecil’s list of gentlemen who were expected to transact ‘affairs for Queen Jane’, but in the event both rallied to Mary. Drury swore allegiance on 17 July and with four others was immediately appointed to muster forces on her behalf. He became a Privy Councillor some time in the autumn and was one of those charged to survey the ordnance and stores. He was not given office, but under new administrative arrangements in February 1554 he was appointed with Sir Robert Rochester and Sir Thomas Cornwallis to order victuals for Calais and Berwick. His position gave him a lien on one of the Suffolk seats and in each of his remaining four Parliaments his partner, who took the junior place in all save the last of them, was his kinsman Sir Henry Jerningham. There are only two references to Drury in the Journal, one to a privilege case in October 1553 concerning one of his servants, and the other to the unsuccessful bill for distresses and replevins committed on its second reading in April 1554 to him and John Mawdley II.