WOOD, William II (d.1431), of Winchester, Hants.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Feb. 1413
May 1413
Nov. 1414
Mar. 1416
May 1421

Family and Education

m. by 1403, Joan.1

Offices Held

Recorder, Winchester by 1408-c.1420.

Alnager, Hants 24 Apr. 1415-d.

Commr. of inquiry, Hants Feb. 1422 (false weights), May 1425 (destruction of salmon).

Biography

Wood established himself as a lawyer in Winchester where, in 1410, he acquired all the property of the Fode family.2 From 1401 he had occasionally appeared in Chancery to provide securities for local men, for instance on behalf of a creditor of Nicholas Tanner*, but initially his main practice was in the courts held in Winchester itself, where he took on briefs as an attorney at the assizes. He was appointed recorder of the city at an unknown date before November 1408, at which time he appeared with the mayor before the mayor and aldermen of London, their object being to complain about the subjection to distraint by the sheriffs of London for the custom of scavage of freemen of their guild merchant, asserting the right of the men of Winchester to exception as agreed in a composition made between the two cities long before, in 1304. Subsequently, he was often employed on the city’s business, which regularly took him to the central courts at Westminster. Thus, in 1411 he received a fee of 40d. a week for presenting a suit in the King’s bench against the abbot of Hyde; in April of the same year he delivered to the civic authorities in the ‘burghmote’ four royal charters concerning the liberties of Winchester which he had received in London from a servant of Mark le Faire* then, in September following, he was one of five inhabitants appointed with full powers to treat with Bishop Beaufort of Winchester on behalf of the community ‘de diversis causis in lite pendentibus’; and in January 1412 he was instructed to obtain in London a renewal of royal letters patent regarding poundage. At the time of the assizes in September 1416 the city spent 13s.9d. on bread, ale, wine and capons on hospitality for him and the escheator of Hampshire. He was evidently recorder when returned to five of his eight Parliaments, for in 1417-18 the city paid 14s. for seven yards of cloth for his robes, and as late as 1419-20 he was giving counsel to the civic authorities at the bishop’s court of the Pavilion (the court to which all legal business of the city was transferred for a fortnight every year, for the duration of the St. Giles Fair).