WICHFORD, Benedict (d.1433), of Romsey and Southampton.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Mar. 1416

Family and Education

s. of John Wichford of Romsey. educ. Winchester college 1395-9. m. (1) by 1415, Isabel, wid. of John Butler of Southampton; (2) by Apr. 1429, Alice Smith, da. and h. of Maud, w. of Thomas Armorer* of Southampton.1

Offices Held

Bailiff, Southampton Mich. 1419-24, 1430-2;2 borough attorney in the ct. of common pleas 1428-9.3

Biography

A native of Romsey, Wichford is first noted in 1395 when he became a scholar at Winchester college, it being perhaps intended that he should enter the Church. However, he chose the legal profession instead, and completed his training by 1408, then standing bail in Chancery for a litigant from Ogbourne St. George in Wiltshire. Two years later, as the right heir of William Wichford, he inherited lands in ‘Bathampton Wyly’ in the parish of Steeple Langford, also in Wiltshire, from a distant relative, Christine atte Mulle. Yet despite his new role as a landowner, by 1414 he had decided to settle in Southampton, where through marriage to the widow of a former mayor he was able to take over her lease of a site in Bugle Street. This he conveyed in January 1415 to the vicar of Holy Rood church and other trustees, saving to himself and his wife a messuage in St. Michael’s parish (probably the house which they afterwards occupied on the west side of French Street). Ten years later Wichford sold two dwellings and a garden in English Street. In April 1429 his second wife’s mother settled on him all her lands and property in Winchester, Petersfield and elsewhere in Hampshire, probably including the tenement in Tanner Street, Winchester, for which he subsequently paid rent to St. John’s hospital.