VESSY, Robert (d.1430), of Exeter, Devon and London.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Mar. 1416

Family and Education

m. Alice.

Offices Held

Steward of Exeter Mich. 1415-16, 1418-19; member of the council of 12, 1417-18, 1419-21, 1422-5, 1426-9; receiver 1421-2; mayor 1425-6.1

Constable of the Staple, Exeter Nov. 1419-20, 1421-2, 1423-4; mayor 1426-Oct. 1427, Nov. 1429-d.2

Collector of customs and subsidies, Exeter and Dartmouth 14 Nov. 1423-d.


Vessy was admitted as a freeman of Exeter on 17 Jan. 1412, paying a fee of 20s. for the privilege. From then until his death he played an active role in the government of the city, appearing as an elector of local officials on as many as 13 occasions, and discharging tasks of administration almost continuously from 1415 until his death. His principal trading concern was fish, but his other description as ‘chapman’ suggests that he also dealt in a wide variety of commodities. Many of his dealings took place in London. It was as a ‘fishmonger of London’ that in October 1412 he procured a pardon of outlawry for failing to present himself to answer for a debt of 50s. owing to two vintners of the City, and in 1420, after a short period of imprisonment in the Fleet, he was again pardoned his outlawry in the London court of husting following proceedings over a debt of 25 marks brought by John Payn, a stockfishmonger. Other creditors of Vessy’s included a tallow chandler and a bladesmith, who also traded in the capital. No doubt his mercantile interests made him a willing candidate for election to Parliaments summoned to Westminster.3

In October 1423 Vessy not only attested the parliamentary indenture of election of the knights of the shire in the county court held at Exeter castle, but also offered sureties for the appearance in the Commons of John Shaplegh II*, one of the citizens—elect for Exeter. Apart from his house in the city he also held half a knight’s fee in Throwleigh, several miles away, although how he had acquired this remains unclear.4 He died shortly before 14 Oct. 1430 when elections were held to fill the post of mayor of the Staple, left vacant by his death.5

Ref Volumes: 1386-1421

Author: L. S. Woodger


Variants: Vascy, Versy, Vesy, Voysy.

  • 1. Exeter City RO, mayors’ ct. rolls 14 Hen. IV-7 Hen. V.
  • 2. C67/24, 25; C267/6/52-54, 57.
  • 3. Mayor’s ct. roll 13 Hen. IV m. 16; E122/40/9; CIMisc. vii. 572; CPR, 1408-13, p. 438; 1416-22, p. 300; 1429-36, p. 478.
  • 4. C219/13/2; Feudal Aids, i. 486; J. Hooker, Descripcion Excestre (Devon and Cornw. Rec. Soc. 1947), 667.
  • 5. C267/6/58.