MOIGNE, Sir John (1354-1429), of Owermoigne, Dorset, Maddington, Wilts. and Great Easton, Essex.
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Family and Education
b. Owermoigne, 28 May 1354, s. and h. of Henry Moigne of Owermoigne by Joan, da. of Sir Peter Veel† of Tortworth, Glos. m. (1) by 1377, Joan, da. and h. of John Belvale, 1s. 2da. all d.v.p.; (2) by Feb. 1394, Cecily. Kntd. by 1383.1
Commr. of inquiry, Dorset Dec. 1383 (concealments), Nov. 1388 (shipwreck), Feb. 1389 (disseisin), Oct. 1391 (wastes), Dec. 1391, Feb. 1393 (eviction), Som. Sept. 1392 (estates of deceased tenants-in-chief), Som., Dorset c. Dec. 1392 (estates of William, Lord Windsor), Mar. 1393 (concealments), Dorset Feb. 1394 (post mortem), Feb. 1408 (decay of Melcombe), Nov. 1415 (watches on Isle of Purbeck); array Apr. 1385, Mar. 1392, Dec. 1399, May 1416, Apr. 1418, Mar. 1419; to assign dower, Som., Dorset June 1397; of weirs, Dorset June 1398; to make proclamation of Henry IV’s intention to govern well May 1402.
Sheriff, Som. and Dorset 1 Dec. 1388-15 Nov. 1389, 9 Nov. 1395-1 Dec. 1396, Wilts. 11 Nov. 1394-9 Nov. 1395.
J.p. Dorset 15 July 1389-96, 12 Nov. 1397-9.
Escheator, Som. and Dorset 2 Jan.-24 Oct. 1392.
Moigne’s father died on 1 Dec. 1374 when John was still under age. Temporarily placed in the custody of Sir Robert Rous, he was brought to London in January and handed over, at the house of the Friars Preachers, to the chancellor and the treasurer as a royal ward. He may have spent the next few months as a member of the King’s household, but he attained his majority on 28 May and proved his age at Dorchester in July following. Moigne’s inheritance was quite substantial, including the manors of Great Easton (Essex), Shipton Moyne (Gloucestershire), Sopley (Hampshire) and Owermoigne (Dorset), besides lands at Maddington and Beckhampton (Wiltshire) and other property in Somerset, Hampshire, Dorset and the city of London. Great Easton was held of the King by grand serjeanty, for service as larderer at coronations, although Moigne himself only claimed this right at Henry V’s accession and it is uncertain whether his claim was allowed even then. The Moigne estates were, therefore, widespread, but Moigne’s interests centred on Dorset, where he increased his landed holdings through marriage. Whether he actually acquired the manor of Buckhorn Weston is unclear, for although it is said to have come to him through his first wife, he was not in possession in 1397.2
Moigne inherited further estates outside Dorset in 1386 following the death of his maternal grandmother, Katherine, widow of Thomas, Lord Berkeley: the manors of Ablington, Alton and Penleigh (Wiltshire) and property in Plympton (Devon). In 1398 on the marriage of his elder daughter, Elizabeth, to William Stourton* of Stourton, Moigne settled on them the manor of Great Easton (an entail made in 1377 having ceased to operate following the deaths of Moigne’s first wife and their son). Similarly, in 1408 he granted Owermoigne in reversion to his younger daughter, Eustacia, and her husband, William Bonville (one of the sons of Sir William Bonville I* of Shute). In the 1412 assessment for royal taxation Moigne’s estates were valued at £174 p.a., but this took no account of lands he held in Oxfordshire (at Clifton Hampden and Burcot), nor of his share in the manor of Bridge on the Isle of Wight. Owermoigne and its members was his largest block of property, and worth £50 a year. This was situated on the chalk downs not far from the Dorset coast, and it is not surprising, therefore, that Moigne had been among those ordered in 1383 to go to their strongholds near the coast to prepare for defence against French attack.