HORNE, Edmund, of Canterbury, Kent.
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Family and Education
m. bef. 1381, Christine.
Jurat, Canterbury Mich. 1380-1, 1382-5, 1386-8, 1392-3, 1395-7, 1401-3, 1404-6, 1410-12, 1413-15; bailiff 1381-2, 1385-6, 1390-1, 1393-4, 1398-9, 1408-9.1
Tax controller, Canterbury Dec. 1380.
Commr. of array, Canterbury May 1381, Aug. 1415.
In May 1372 Horne took part, with the bailiffs of Canterbury and others, in an official perambulation of the bounds of the city. He had already represented Canterbury not only in Parliament in February 1371, but also at a great council at Winchester in the following June, doing so in response to a writ to the sheriff of Kent directing him to send certain specified Members of the Commons who had met earlier in the year. In the Canterbury returns made for the poll tax levied in December 1380 (with Horne himself acting as controller), he was described as a cutler living with his wife and two servants, and assessed quite modestly at 2s. In later years he occupied a house in St. Mildred’s parish and also held plots of land both in St. Paul’s parish and outside the city walls in the fields of Wincheap. Horne was active in the affairs of the city for nigh on 45 years, during which he served as bailiff six terms. At the elections to the Parliament of January 1390 he stood surety for Henry Lincoln (who did the same for him in the following year), and at those for the Parliament of January 1397 he acted as mainpernor for John Sexton I. Horne was sued for a debt of £10 by a fellow citizen who obtained judgement against him and 3s.4d.damages, but in May 1397 a stay of execution was granted after he protested that there had been ‘manifest error’ in the proceedings. The bailiffs of Canterbury were ordered to send the record of the suit into Chancery, and Horne, required to provide sureties in £20, sealed bonds to ensure that his mainpernors, Thomas Ickham* and William Arderne, clerk, would suffer no loss should his case be defeated. He witnessed a deed for Ickham at Petham, a small distance to the south of Canterbury, in May 1399.2
In 1406 Horne contributed 6s.8d. from his parliamentary wages towards the community’s purchase of an inn in the city called The Lyon, situated next door to the jurats’ chamber.3 He must have reached an advanced age by the time he was appointed to his last official duties as a commissioner of array in 1415, and is not recorded thereafter.4
Ref Volumes: 1386-1421
Author: L. S. Woodger
- 1. Canterbury Cathedral City and Diocesan RO, burghmote register O/A1, ff. 3, 5, 6d, 9, 10; accts. FA1, ff. 2, 21, 27, 53, 58, 66, 70, 93, 99, 108, 111; List Canterbury Officials comp. Urry and Bunce, 48-49.
- 2. E179/123/50; C219/9/7, 12; CCR, 1396-9, pp. 126, 132-3, 505; O/A1, ff. 6, 8, 39.
- 3. HMC 9th Rep. i. 138.