BECKINGHAM, Thomas (d.1431), of Upton Russels in Blewbury, Berks.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Family and Education

m. (1) bef. 1412, Agnes, 1s.; (2) bef. May 1418, Sibyl (b.1 Aug. 1401), 3rd da. and coh. of Thomas Childrey* of Childrey, 2s.

Offices Held

J.p. Oxon. 11 Oct. 1404-Feb. 1407, 8 Mar. 1410-Feb. 1412, 16 Nov. 1413-Apr. 1418, 12 Jan. 1420-Feb. 1422, July 1423-Nov. 1432; Bucks. 14 Feb. 1405-7.

Escheator, Oxon. and Berks. 22 Oct. 1404-1 Dec. 1405, 14 Dec. 1415-8 Dec. 1416, 13 Nov. 1423-6 Nov. 1424.

Keeper of Wychwood forest, Oxon. 14 Mar. 1405-aft. July 1412.

Bp. Beaufort of Winchester’s bailiff, Berks. by Mich. 1405-d., Witney and Adderbury, Oxon. 3 Feb. 1407-d.1

Commr. of inquiry, Oxon. July 1412 (waste in Wychwood forest), Som., Dorset Feb. 1416 (Chideock estates), Oxon. Feb. 1422 (false weights), Oxon., Berks. July 1428 (treasons and felonies); array, Oxon. May 1415, May 1418, Mar. 1419; to raise royal loans Jan. 1420.

Biography

Beckingham’s family background is obscure, although he was apparently related to a namesake, Master Thomas Beckingham, canon of Salisbury and archdeacon of Lincoln, with whom he was associated at Coventry in October 1404 when a clerk from Dorset released them both from all legal actions. That same month, Beckingham was not only appointed to the Oxfordshire bench, but also as escheator of Oxfordshire and Berkshire, although he is not known to have yet obtained possession of land in either county. His sudden emergence into public life in all likelihood resulted from his employment by Henry Beaufort, bishop of Lincoln, the King’s half-brother and at that time chancellor, for whom at the end of the preceding month he had acted as mainpernor at the Exchequer. Beckingham’s connexion with Beaufort (perhaps fostered by his kinsman’s position as archdeacon of Lincoln) had begun at least two years earlier, when he had been a member of the bishop’s entourage for his voyage to Brittany as escort for Henry IV’s new queen. Their association continued long after Beaufort’s translation to Winchester; indeed, on receiving the temporalities of his new see, Beaufort promptly made his esquire Beckingham bailiff of the episcopal estates in Berkshire, an office in which he was to be retained for the rest of his life. In January 1406 Beckingham again stood surety for his patron at the Exchequer, and a year later he secured from the bishop formal appointment as bailiff of two Oxfordshire manors, taking an annual fee of £10 for his services there and at Brightwell and Harwell in Berkshire. Meanwhile, it had been as a ‘King’s esquire’ that he had been granted the keepership of Wychwood forest (the only mention of him, however, as a royal retainer). In October 1413 Beckingham shared a lease at the Exchequer of the estates of the alien priory of Cogges, Oxfordshire, for which he was to pay 20 marks a year for the duration of the war with France; and in the following spring the head of another Benedictine house, Winchcombe abbey, named him as a proxy in the Parliament summoned to Leicester.2

In the course of Henry IV’s reign Beckingham had established himself in Berkshire as a man of property. Some time in or before 1412 he obtained from a Sussex knight, Sir Henry Hussey*, a lease of the manors of South Moreton and West Wittenham, to last for the lifetimes of himself, his wife Agnes and their son William; and these gave him an estimated £2 18s. a year clear after he had paid Hussey the agreed annual rent of £10. He also acquired land in Oxfordshire, situated at Pudlicote and Lyneham, as well as a tenancy on other property in the same region, close to Wychwood forest, and it was there that later generations of his family chose to make their home.3 Clearly, however, Beckingham’s second marriage did most to improve his standing as a landowner, for Sibyl Childrey was coheir to the property of her late father, Thomas, a former steward of the estates of the bishopric of Winchester. The marriage, which Beckingham probably procured from John Halle II*, took place before May 1418, when Sibyl made formal proof of age, and the Beckingham