BARET, Richard (d.1401), of Eastgate Street, Gloucester.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Jan. 1377
Jan. 1397
Sept. 1397

Family and Education

s. of Thomas Baret of Gloucester by his w. Agnes. m. Margaret, s.p.

Offices Held

Bailiff, Gloucester Mich. 1381-2, ?1382-3, 1400-1.1

Commr. to visit and reform St. Batholomew’s Bartholomew’s hospital, Gloucester Mar. 1383, Mar. 1384.


Like other members of his family, Richard manufactured cloth in Gloucester. He was probably the brother of William Baret, the Gloucester MP of October 1383, for whose attendance in the Commons he then stood surety. In March following he witnessed conveyances made to William, and in 1385 he was appointed attorney to deliver him seisin of property.2 Richard’s civic career in Gloucester, however, had begun with his own return to Parliament, in 1377. In 1380-1 he stood surety for persons seeking licence to trade in the town, and a Michaelmas 1381 he became one of Gloucester’s bailiffs for the first of possibly three terms. He regularly witnessed local deeds.3

In some ways Baret’s career followed along the same lines as that of John Banbury I* of Gloucester. Like him, Baret was associated with the Berkeley family; indeed it was together with Thomas, Lord Berkeley, and Sir John Berkeley I* that in October 1387 he procured a royal pardon for illegally hunting in the Forest of Dean. Baret was named as Banbury’s co-executor of the will of William Heyberer*, and was also associated with him in January 1395, they being among the four manucaptors for Sir Thomas Fitznichol and Sir Gilbert Denys the then newly elected knights of the shire.4

Before June 1391 Baret was suing William Wilcox of Bristol for debts amounting to £66. His trading interests took him on occasion into Wales, but some three years later a certain band of ruffians, planning to murder one Robert Sage on the road through Monmouth and Usk, by mistake assaulted Baret instead, leaving him for dead. He did, however, survive to represent Gloucester in three more Parliaments. On 2 Apr. 1398, in association with four other prominent Gloucester men, Baret entered into recognizances for 100 marks payable to the keeper of the hanaper of the Chancery, this being in connexion with the royal charter granted to the town two weeks previously. Without doubt he had taken part in the negotiations for the charter, perhaps while the Parliament of 1397-8 was in progress. It was soon after this, and possibly during Baret’s final bailiffship (1400-1), that he and 22 other local men petitioned Henry IV alleging that they had been falsely indicted for felony and extortion, three of their number, including Baret, having subsequently been committed to the custody of the King’s janitor, and the rest imprisoned in the Marshalsea. They requested allowance of bail and an early trial, preferably by Lord Berkeley and his fellow commissioners of oyer and terminer in Gloucestershire. Baret’s goods and chattels were ordered to be confiscated by the local escheator.5

Baret was away from home, at Winchester, when he made his will on 5 Sept. 1401, eviden