ADDERBURY, John, of Adderbury, Oxon.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Jan. 1397

Family and Education

s. and h. of Walter atte Hall of Adderbury. m. (1) bef. Mar. 1411, Alice; (2) Joan (d.c.1434),1 s.p.

Offices Held

Commr. to put down rebellion, Oxon. Mar., Dec. 1382; collect an aid Dec. 1401.

J.p. Oxon. July-Dec. 1382, Feb. 1394-Apr. 1399, Feb. 1412-Oct. 1413.

Alnager, Oxon. 24 Nov. 1394-8 Feb. 1397.

Tax collector, Oxon. June 1404.

Biography

It appears to have been coincidence that John Adderbury was elected to the same Parliaments as Sir Richard Adderbury II (the latter representing Berkshire), for the two shire knights were not related. Indeed, John had only recently adopted the name Adderbury from the place where his father, Walter atte Hall, held a tenancy in the demesne lands of the bishop of Winchester, as well as a lease of rectorial tithes from New College, Oxford. John had served alongside his father on the Oxfordshire bench in 1382, although he most likely already enjoyed a separate establishment, for he employed his own chaplain (a man who in the following year was to be ignominiously brought before the j.p.s in Wiltshire for the theft of ecclesiastical ornaments from a church in Malmesbury). Following his father’s death, Adderbury appeared in Chancery in June 1389 and again in 1395, to make formal declarations as atte Hall’s heir and executor that certain royal commissions directed to atte Hall had never been received. Subsequently, he took over the lease of the Winchester demesnes at Adderbury.2

At the time of his first election to Parliament, in 1394, Adderbury was acting as steward of the manor of Deddington Castle, Oxfordshire, which belonged to St. George’s College, Windsor; and he may well have still been occupying this post six years later, when he contracted to farm the manor for the sum of £26 a year until 1405. It had been during his alnagership of Oxfordshire that, in January 1397, he had again been returned to Parliament for the county. A few days after the Commons rose he witnessed a quitclaim of the manor of Kingham made to the warden and scholars of New College by John atte Hall, probably his kinsman. In April 1399 he agreed to act as an attorney for